Researchers are divided over how much of an impact – if any – dress policies have upon student learning. A 2004 book makes the case that uniforms do not improve school safety or academic discipline. A 2005 study, on the other hand, indicates that in some Ohio high schools uniforms may have improved graduation and attendance rates, although no improvements were observed in academic performance.
In the 1980s, public schools were often compared unfavorably to Catholic schools. Noting the perceived benefit that uniforms conferred upon Catholic schools, some public schools decided to adopt a school uniform policy.
Those who are the proponents of school uniforms believe that uniforms help prevent gangs from forming on campus, encourage discipline, help students resist peer pressure to buy trendy clothes, help identify intruders in the school, diminish economic and social barriers between students, increase a sense of belonging and school pride, and improve attendance
Opponents, however, argue that school uniforms violate a student’s right to freedom of expression, are simply a Band-Aid on the issue of school violence, make students a target for bullies from other schools, are a financial burden for poor families, are an unfair additional expense for parents who pay taxes for a free public education, are difficult to enforce in public schools.
1. The text above is about …. .
A. two perspectives on school uniforms
B. the good impacts of school uniforms
C. the importance of school uniforms
D. academic excellence of students
E. important aspects of school uniforms
2. Paragraph 1 states that school uniforms do not have impacts on … .
A. graduation rates
B. attendance rates
C. academic performance
D. dress policies
E. public schools
3. Paragraph 1 suggests that researchers … .
A. think that student learning is shaped by school uniforms
B. believe that students should wear uniforms at schools
C. share the same opinion on the impacts of school uniforms
D. agree that school uniforms are good for student learning
E. do not have agreement on the impacts of school uniforms
4. Why do public schools adopt school uniform policy?
A. Because they want their students to be disciplined
B. Because they want to be considered as good as Catholic schools
C. Because they want to get a lot more students
D. Because they think school uniforms are good for students
E. Because they believe school uniforms benefit students
5. What does the word proponent in paragraph 3 mean?
6. The following are the positive things of school uniforms, EXCEPT … .
A. shaping strong discipline among students
B. making students proud of their school
C. students feel they are part of school
D. Bridging social and economic gaps
E. Creating a uniformity in thinking
7. The following are the negative things of school uniforms, EXCEPT …
A. strengthening freedom of expressions
B. putting students at risk of bullying
C. extra money on the part of parents
D. financial burden for poor families
E. hard to enforce in public schools
8. The word opponents in paragraph 4 mean persons who … .