Tag Archives: will

Will vs Be going to

Baik will maupun be going to digunakan untuk mengungkapkan kejadian yang akan terjadi di waktu yang akan datang (future). Hanya saja, sobat pembaca mesti paham benar perbedaan di antara keduanya, supaya bisa menggunakan will atau be going to dengan benar.

Will

Ilustrasi berikut ini mungkin bisa membantu sobat semua untuk memahami penggunaan kata ini dengan baik. Suatu hari seorang teman datang mengunjungi sobat pembaca untuk meminjam sepeda. Sobat pembaca memutuskan untuk mengijinkan teman sobat ini untuk menggunakan sepeda yang sobat parkir di halaman depan rumah.

Tetapi, ketika teman sobat ini mau naik ke atas sepeda, dia mendapati ban sepeda tersebut kempes. Sobat memeriksa kondisi ban dan melihat ban itu bocor karena ada paku menancap tembus hingga ban dalam. Karena teman ini adalah teman baik, sobat mengatakan akan memperbaiki ban itu dulu supaya teman baik ini bisa memakai.

Dalam konteks seperti ini, silakan sobat pembaca menggunakan will, misalnya dengan mengatakan:

  • I will get it fixed first. You can come back later. – Saya akan perbaiki dulu bannya. Silakan datang lagi nanti.

Will digunakan dalam kalimat tersebut karena keputusan sobat untuk memperbaiki ban itu bersifat spontan, tidak direncanakan. Keputusan itu dibuat segera setelah Anda mengetahui  ban itu bocor.

Be going to

Lain halnya jika kejadiannya seperti ini:

Teman baik Anda datang untuk meminjam sepeda. Tetapi, sobat pembaca meminta maaf tidak bisa meminjamkannya hari itu karena tahu bahwa ban sepeda tersebut bocor. Sobat sudah punya rencana untuk membawa ke bengkel sepeda hari Minggu besok supaya ban bisa diperbaiki, seraya meminta teman ini untuk datang lagi Minggu siang setelah ban diperbaiki. Dalam hal ini sobat pembaca bisa mengatakan:

  • I’m sorry I can’t lend it to you now. The tire is flat. I’m going to get it fixed this Sunday. So, maybe you can come back again this Sunday afternoon. – Maaf, saya tidak bisa meminjamkanna hari ini. Bannya kempes. Saya akan perbaiki dulu hari Minggu ini. Silakan datang lagi Minggu siang.

Dalam konteks ini, be going to dipakai karena keputusan untuk memperbaiki ban itu tidak terjadi spontan. Sobat pembaca sudah punya rencana untuk melakukan itu.

Kesimpulannya, silakan sobat pembaca menggunakan will jika keputusan untuk melakukan sesuatu dibuat secara spontan tanpa rencana, dan silakan menggunakan be going to jika keputusan untuk melakuka sesuatu sudah direncanakan sebelumnya.

All The Present and Past Tenses & The Simple Future Tense: Mixed Exercise

Instruction: Decide whether you should use the simple present tense, the present continuous tense, the present perfect tense, the present perfect continuous tense, the simple past tense, the past continuous tense, the past perfect tense, the past perfect continuous tense, or the simple future tense for the verb in the brackets.

1. Angelina (come) … to visit us once a week. She (come) … here yesterday, and she (come) … again next week.

2. Budi (eat) … at the Vietnamese restaurant very often. Last night, he (eat) … there with his whole family. Tomorrow, he (eat) … there again.

3. A: Look! The red car (overtake) … the blue one.
B: WHo (drive) … the car?
A: Doni. He (win) … many races, including the famous Nascar. And he (win) … again, I am sure.

4. Yesterday we (have) … a history test. We (do) … it well because we (study) … really hard for it.

5. It was 6 PM. We (watch) … television together when my brother and sister (come) … . We (watch) … television for about an hour when they showed up.

6. A: You (go) … to the party last night?
B: Yes, I (go) … with my sister.

7. Mom and Dad (talk) … about family matters right now. They (begin) … twenty minutes ago. So, they (talk) … for about twenty minutes.

8. A: When (you, see) … the doctor again? You’re getting worse.
B: Tomorrow.

9. My elder brother (come) … here two days ago. So, he (stay) … with us for two days. He used to live in this town, but in 1987 he (move) … to Jakarta. He (live) … there for nearly six years.

10. I (have) … two sisters. My elder sister (get) … married two years ago. My younger sister (be, not) … married yet. She (get) … married next year.

11. My elder sister (go) … to university next year. My younger brother (graduate) … from junior high school next year. So, my parents (need) … provide more money for their further study.

12. Right now I (play) … the piano.This time yesterday, I (play) … the piano. I (love) … playing the piano.

13. Right now my mom (do) … the laundry. She (wash) … many pieces of clothes so far. She (do) … the laundry for about an hour.

14. I (be) … an English teacher. I (graduate) … from a private teacher training institute in 1992. Now I (teach) … at a reputable high school in Yogyakarta.

15. I (be) … sixteen years old. Next year I (be) … seventeen. Last year I (be) … fifteen.

Will, Be going to, or The Present Continuous Tense: Exercise

Instruction: Decide whether you should use will, be going to, or the present continuous tense for the verb in the brackets. In some situations, more than one verb form is possible. In this case, you should make sure you know the meaning.

1. Lina (come) … to visit us here in Yogyakarta next week. I can’t wait to see her.

2. The girl next door (get) … married next week. Everything has been arranged for her by her parents.

3. He (not, go) … to the movie tonight. He (do) … his homework with some of his classmates.

4. I have a headache. I (see) … the doctor this evening.

5. Good luck, you all guys. I know you (win) … .

6. We have practiced so hard for the past few weeks. I believe we (win) … the singing contest.

7. Coming to realize that today is the deadline, he says he (submit) … the proposal by email, instead of by post.

8. Oh my God! Look! The plane (crash) … . One of its wings is broken.

9. Ricky (write) … us a letter as soon as he arrives in Sidney.

10. A: Is it a big secret?
B: Yes, it is. But, I (tell) … you the truth tomorrow night.

11. A: What (you, do) … tonight?
B: I (do) … my homework.

12. The woman is pregnant. She (give) … birth very soon.

13. A: Where is Junaidi?
B: He has gone fishing. He (come) … back before 2 PM.

14. Look! The man (jump) … into the swimming pool from such a high place.

15. I just founf out that the bicycle brake system is not working properly. I (take) … it to the mechanic right now.

Answers:

  1. is coming
  2. is getting
  3. is not going to go, is going to do
  4. will see
  5. will win
  6. will win
  7. will submit
  8. is going to crash
  9. will write
  10. am going to tell
  11. are you going to do/are you doing
  12. is going to give
  13. will come
  14. is going to jump
  15. will take