Tourism Industry: Reading Practice 2 (analytical exposition)

By | May 21, 2015

Faster planes and cheaper flights are making it easier than ever before for people to travel. In the most developed societies, visiting exotic places is a sought-after status symbol. The tourism industries of both developed and developing countries have recognised this fact and are learning to take advantage of it.

There are, however, some problems associated with this new industry. Firstly, there is the increasing crime rate. Some locals see tourists as an easy prey because, not only are they in unfamiliar territory and therefore less able to take care of themselves, but also they carry visible items of wealth, such as cameras and jewelery which can be disposed of quickly for profit.

Another major problem is health. With greater mobility comes greater danger of spreading contagious diseases around the world. One carrier returning home could easily start an epidemic before their illness was diagnosed. Moreover, the emergence of many diseases which resist antibiotics is causing scientists to be increasingly concerned about this issue.

Also to be considered is the natural environment, which can be seriously threatened by too many visitors. Australia’s Great Barrier Reef, for example, is in danger of being destroyed by tourists and there are plans to restrict visitors to some of the more delicate coral days.

These are just three of the reasons why any country should be wary of committing itself to an extensive tourism development program.

1. What is the topic of the text?
A. Easy travelling
B. Tourism industry
C. Tourist problems
D. Tourism program
E. Crime rate

2. What does ‘this fact’ in paragraph 1 mean?
A. that travelling has become easier now
B. that ‘developped’ societies like exotic places
C. that travelling to exotic places is a status symbol
D. that tourism industry is offering lots of advantages
E. that planes are faster and flights are cheaper

3. What is the writer’s purpose of writing the text?
A. to provide reasons why tourism program should be extensive
B. to show that travelling is a lot easier now than before
C. to persuade readers to do lots of travelling overseas
D. to argue that a country should be alert of extensive tourism program
E. to provoke readers to be committed to extensive tourism program

4. Why do some locals see tourists as preys?
A. they think tourists bring disposable stuff
B. they don’t like tourists walking around
C. they see tourists as easy crime targets
D. they often see tourists carrying cameras
E. they believe tourists have more money

5. What is the main idea of paragraph 3?
A. Tourist spots are sources of various diseases
B. Tourism industry has created a lots of problems
C. Tourism industry causes the wide spreading of diseases
D. Tourists who visit a country have health problems
E. Tourists bring with them diseases that resist antibiotics

6. Why does the natural environment become one of the serious problems associated with faster planes and cheaper flights? Because … .
A. it easily started an epidemic
B. it can be destroyed by too many visitors
C. the health problem will increase
D. they carry visible items of wealth
E. it can increase crime rate dramatically

7. Why is the crime rate increasing due to the new inductry?
A. Some tourists carry visible items of wealth
B. Tourists are spreading contagious diseases
C. The government is restricting visitors
D. The new industry increases unemployment
E. A number of tourists travel by plane

8. “One carrier returning home could easily start an epidemic before their illness was diagnosed.” (paragraph 3)
A. found
B. observed
C. examined
D. identified
E. healed

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